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Trip Planner Europe  /  Slovakia  /  Presov Region  /  Levoca

Levoca

3.5
Sacred & Religious Sites · Historic Sites · History Museums
Levoča is a town in the Prešov Region of eastern Slovakia with a population of 14,600. The town has a historic center with a well preserved town wall, a Renaissance church with the highest wooden altar in the world, carved by Master Paul of Levoča, and many other Renaissance buildings.On 28 June 2009, Levoča was added by UNESCO to its World Heritage List.EtymologyThe name is of Slovak origin and belongs to the oldest recorded Slovak settlement names in Spiš. It was initially a name of stream Lěvoča, tributary of river Hornád (present-day Levočský potok). The name was probably motivated by an adjective lěva (left, a left tributary), Rudolf Krajčovič considered also lěvoča meaning "regularly flooded area".HistoryLevoča is located in the historical region of Spiš (), which was inhabited as early as the Stone Age. In the 11th century, this region was conquered and, subsequently, became part of the Kingdom of Hungary and remained such until 1918. After the Mongol invasions of 1241/1242, the area was also settled by Germans. The town became the capital of the Association of Spiš Germans, with a form of self-rule within the Kingdom of Hungary. The oldest written reference to the city of Levoča dates back to 1249. In 1317, Levoča (at that time generally known by the German name of Leutschau - see Chronology below for lists of changing names) received the status of a royal town. In 1321 a wide storing right was granted enticing merchants, craftsmen and mine owners to settle in this town.
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